What was a Cavalry Brigade?

The War Establishment of a Cavalry Brigade, according to Field Service Regulations in 1914

A Cavalry Brigade would normally come under command of a Cavalry Division.

Personnel

Officers
Men
Brigade HQ
6
41
In 3 Cavalry Regiments
78
1569
In 1 Signal Troop (RE)
1
23
Totals
85
1633
NB: most Cavalry Brigades came under orders of a Cavalry Division. But at times a Brigade would be an independent command, receiving orders from a Corps or even Army HQ. If the brigade was independent it would also carry the following:
In Brigade HQ
1
6
In 1 Battery (RHA)
7
215
In 1 Ammunition Column (RHA)
2
115
In 1 Field Troop (RE)
3
74
In 1 Signal Troop (RE)
1
42
In 1 Cavalry Field Ambulance (RAMC)
6
118
Added totals
20
570

Brigade HQ Staff

  • Brigadier-General
  • Aide-de-Camp
  • Brigade-Major
  • Staff Captain
  • 3 clerks of the Army Postal Service (RE)

Horses

Riding
Draight and Pack
Brigade HQ
25
8
In 3 Cavalry Regiments
1584
240
In 1 Signal Troop (RE)
14
2
Totals
1623
250
If the brigade was independent it would also carry the following:
In 1 Battery (RHA)
108
132
In 1 Ammunition Column (RHA)
25
119
In 1 Field Troop (RE)
42
33
In 1 Signal Troop (RE)
30
15
In 1 Cavalry Field Ambulance (RAMC)
12
66
Added totals
217
365

Vehicles

Figures in brackets () are those that applied if the brigade was an independent command
In the 3 Cavalry Regiments
In Div HQ and other units
2-horsed carts
6
2 (15)
2-horsed wagons
1 (12)
4-horsed wagons
48
1(9)
6-horsed wagons
-(33)
Motor cars
1(5)
Bicycles
60
13(14)
Motor cycles
3(3)

Road space

If an entire Cavalry Brigade was laid out for a march in approved layout and spacing, it would occupy 1.875 miles of road, of which 1 miles would be the fighting portion and the rest the various headquarters, ambulances and first-line transport. If operating as an independent command these figures would be 3.166 and 1.5 miles respectively.

Links

The Cavalry and Mounted Divisions

What was a Cavalry Division?

Other definitions of units and formations