What was a Cavalry Division?

The War Establishment of a Cavalry Division, according to Field Service Regulations in 1914

Personnel

Officers
Men
Divisional HQ
15
81
In 4 Cavalry Brigades
346
6532
HQ of Divisonal Artillery (RHA)
3
17
In 2 Artillery Brigades (RHA)
38
1324
In 1 Field Squadron (RE)
7
184
In 1 Signal Squadron (RE)
8
198
HQ of Divisional Train (ASC)
2
22
In 4 Cavalry Field Ambulances (RAMC)
24
472
Totals
439
8830
Note: During 1914 a Mobile Veterinary Section was also added to each Cavalry Division

Divisional HQ Staff

  • Divisional Commanding Officer (Major-General)
  • 2 Aides-de-Camp
  • General Staff Officer, 1st Grade (GSO1)
  • General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade (GSO2)
  • General Staff Officer, 3rd Grade (GSO3)
  • Assistant Adjutant & Quartermaster-General
  • Deputy Assistant Adjutant & Quartermaster-General
  • Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General
  • Assistant Director of Medical Services
  • Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services
  • Assistant Director of Veterinary Services
  • Deputy Assistant Director of Ordnance Services
  • 3 clerks of the Army Postal Service (RE)
  • Assistant Provost-Marshal

Horses

Riding
Draught and Pack
Divisional HQ
53
11
In 4 Cavalry Brigades
6492
1000
HQ of Divisonal Artillery (RHA)
14
4
In 2 Artillery Brigades (RHA)
554
1004
In 1 Field Squadron (RE)
104
92
In 1 Signal Squadron (RE)
80
84
HQ of Divisional Train (ASC)
5
6
In 4 Cavalry Field Ambulances (RAMC)
48
204
Totals
7350
2465

Vehicles

In the 4 Cavalry Brigades
In Div HQ and other units
2-horsed carts
32
42
2-horsed wagons
4
45
4-horsed wagons
196
43
6-horsed wagons
137
Motor cars
4
19
Bicycles
292
120
Motor cycles
12
6

Firepower

In addition to the rifles carried by the troopers of the various sub-units, the divisional artillery was equipped with 24 13-pounder quick-firing field guns and the machine gun sections of the brigades had 24 heavy machine guns.

Road space

If an entire Cavalry Division was laid out for a march in approved layout and spacing, it would occupy 11.5 miles of road, of which 6 miles would be the fighting portion and the rest the various headquarters, ambulances and first-line transport.

Links

The Cavalry and Mounted Divisions

Other definitions of units and formations