Australian and New Zealand Division

History

A New Zealand Expeditionary Force of just under 8500 men, volunteers for overseas service drawn from the recently raised Territorial Force, sailed from home on 14 October 1914. En route they linked up with an Australian brigade and, original intentions of going to England having been changed, together arrived at Egypt on 3 December 1914.

1915

– 2 February 1915: two battalions involved in defending against Turkish attack on Suez Canal
– 1 April 1915 : Division receives orders to prepare to make amphibious assault at Gallipoli
– 25 April 1915 : Division lands at what was to become forever known as ANZAC Beach
– Gallipoli campaign. (8 August 1915 : a key date particularly for New Zealand history as the force assaulted Chunuk Bair.)
The Division withdrew from Gallipoli in late 1915.

1916

Reconstituted as the New Zealand Division in February and March 1916

Order of battle

Divisional headquarters

Headquarters

under whose command came the Infantry Brigades and the other divisional troops listed below


New Zealand Brigade

Wellington Battalion

Canterbury Battalion

Auckland Battalion

Otago Battalion

Maori Battalion. Under command of this brigade from February 1915

4th Australian Brigade

13th Australian Infantry

14th Australian Infantry

15th Australian Infantry

16th Australian Infantry

Divisional Mounted Troops

Otago Mounted Rifles. Attached to New Zealand Brigade

New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade. Attached to New Zealand Brigade

Auckland, Canterbury and Wellington Mounted Rifles. Attached to New Zealand Brigade

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade. Consisted of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Australian Light Horse, attached to 4th Australian Brigade

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade. Consisted of 8th, 9th and 10th Australian Light Horse, attached to 4th Australian Brigade

Divisional Royal Artillery

1st New Zealand Brigade RFA

2nd New Zealand Brigade RFA. Formed at Gallipoli in July 1915

Divisional Royal Engineers

1st New Zealand Field Company RE

2nd New Zealand Field Company RE

4th Australian Field Company RE

New Zealand and Australian Divisional Signal Company RE

Divisional Royal Army Medical Corps

New Zealand and Australian Field Ambulance RAMC

4th Australian Field Ambulance RAMC

New Zealand and Australian Mounted Field Ambulance RAMC. Formed May 1915

Other Divisional Troops

4th Australian Light Horse. Attached to 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in April 1915

12th Australian Light Horse. Arrived Egypt July 1915, attached to 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade August-December 1915

New Zealand and Australian Divisional Train. A unit of the Army Service Corps. Formed January 1915.

New Zealand and Australian Mobile Veterinary Section. A unit of the Army Veterinary Corps. Formed January 1915.

Links

Other Divisions