CII, CIII, CIV and CV (Howitzer) Brigades (23rd Divisional Artillery)

These units were formed as part of the raising of the Third New Army, K3. They are also sometimes shown as 102, 103, 104 and 105 (Howitzer) Brigades RFA.

CII

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 23rd Division. The batteries were all armed with four 18-pounder field guns. The brigade then remained with the division throughout the war: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • Between 15 and 19 May the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 23rd Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 19 May 1916 D Battery left to join 10 5 Brigade, becoming its A Battery. A (Howitzer) Battery joined from 105 Brigade and was became 102 Brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 3 September 1916 the field gun batteries were made up to six guns. A section of two from A Battery of 105 Brigade arrived and joined A Battery, and the other section joined B Battery. A section joined C Battery from C Battery of 105 Brigade.
    • The howitzer battery was also made up to six on 18 January 1917 by the arrival of a section of two from C (Howitzer) Battery of 104 Brigade.

CIII

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 23rd Division. The batteries were all armed with four 18-pounder field guns. The brigade then remained with the division throughout the war: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • Between 15 and 19 May the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 23rd Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 20 May 1916 D Battery left to join 105 Brigade, becoming its B Battery. B (Howitzer) Battery joined from 105 Brigade and became 103 Brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 1-3 September 1916 the field gun batteries were made up to six guns. A section of two from B Battery of 105 Brigade arrived and joined B Battery, and the other section joined C Battery. A section joined A Battery from C Battery of 105 Brigade.
    • The howitzer battery was also made up to six on 18 January 1917 by the arrival of a section of two from C (Howitzer) Battery of 104 Brigade.

CIV

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 23rd Division. The batteries were all armed with four 18-pounder field guns. The brigade then remained with the division until early 1917: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • Between 15 and 19 May the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 23rd Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 19 May 1916 D Battery left to join 105 Brigade, becoming its C Battery. C (Howitzer) Battery joined from 105 Brigade and became 104 Brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 3 September 1916 the field gun batteries were made up to six guns. C Battery was broken up and its sections of two guns joined A and B batteries respectively. D (Howitzer) Battery joined from 105 Brigade and became C (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 18 January 1917 C (Howitzer) Battery was broken up, with its sections of two howitzers going to the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 102 and 103 Brigades respectively.
    • On the same date, 104 Brigade left 23rd Division t become an Army Field Artillery Brigade.
    • B Battery joined from 238 Brigade (of 47th (London) Division) on 21 January 1917 and became 104 Brigade’s new C Battery.

CV (Howitzer)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 23rd Division. The batteries were all armed with four 4.5-inch howitzers. The brigade then remained with the division until it was broken up in September 1916: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • Between 15 and 19 May the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 23rd Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 19-20 May 1916 A, B and C (Howitzer) Batteries all left, becoming the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 102, 103 and 104 Brigades respectively. The D (field gun) Batteries of those brigades joined 105 Brigade and were renamed as A, B and C Batteries.
    • On 1-3 September 1916 the Brigade was broken up. A and one section of C Battery went to 102 Brigade; B and the other section of C went to 103 Brigade; and D (Howitzer) Battery went to 104 Brigade, becoming its C (Howitzer) Battery.

Links

The Batteries and Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

23rd Division

The Order of Battle of Divisions