LXXVIII, LXXIX, LXXX and LXXXIII (Howitzer) Brigades (17th Divisional Artillery)

These units were formed as part of the raising of the Second New Army, K2. They are also sometimes shown as 78, 79, 80 and 91 (Howitzer) Brigades RFA.

LXXVIII

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 244, 245 and 246 Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 17th (Northern) Division. The brigade then remained with the division throughout the war: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • In January 1915 the three six-gun batteries were reorganised to become four four-gun batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D Batteries.
    • The Brigade Ammunition Column left between 9 and 11 May 1916 to merge with others in the divisional artillery to form the 17th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 20 May 1916 D Battery left to join 81 Brigade as its A Battery. It was replaced by the arrival of B (Howitzer) Battery from 81 Brigade, which was then renamed as 78 Brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • A Battery and a section of B Battery joined from 80 Brigade RFA on 1 September 1916 and were added to bring A, B and C Batteries up to six guns each.
    • On 22 January 1917 a section of D (Howitzer) Battery joined from 81 Brigade and made D (Howitzer) Battery up to six howitzers.

LXXIX

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 247, 248 and 249 Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 17th (Northern) Division. The brigade then remained with the division throughout the war: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • In January 1915 the three six-gun batteries were reorganised to become four four-gun batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D Batteries.
    • The Brigade Ammunition Column left between 9 and 11 May 1916 to merge with others in the divisional artillery to form the 17th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 20 May 1916 D Battery left to join 81 Brigade as its B Battery. It was replaced by the arrival of C (Howitzer) Battery from 81 Brigade, which was then renamed as 78 Brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • C Battery and a section of B Battery joined from 80 Brigade RFA on 31 August 1916 and were added to bring A, B and C Batteries up to six guns each.
    • On 10 January 1917 a section of D (Howitzer) Battery joined from 81 Brigade and made D (Howitzer) Battery up to six howitzers.

LXXX

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 250, 251 and 252 Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 17th (Northern) Division. The brigade then remained with the division until it was broken up in August 1916: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • In January 1915 the three six-gun batteries were reorganised to become four four-gun batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D Batteries.
    • The Brigade Ammunition Column left between 9 and 11 May 1916 to merge with others in the divisional artillery to form the 17th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 20 May 1916 D Battery left to join 81 Brigade as its C Battery. It was replaced by the arrival of D (Howitzer) Battery from 81 Brigade.
    • On 31 August 1916 the brigade was broken up. A and half of B Battery went to join 78 Brigade RFA; C and the other half of B went to 79 Brigade RFA; D (Howitzer) Battery went to 81 Brigade RFA.

LXXXI (Howitzer)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 253, 254 and 255 (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 17th (Northern) Division. The brigade then remained with the division until it was broken up in January 1917: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • In January 1915 the three six-howitzer batteries were reorganised to become four four-howitzer batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D Batteries.
    • On 12 August 1915 A (Howitzer) Battery and a section of the Brigade Ammunition Column left to join 118 Brigade RFA.
    • The remainder of the Brigade Ammunition Column left between 9 and 11 May 1916 to merge with others in the divisional artillery to form the 17th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 20 May 1916 the brigade was completely reorganised. B, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries all left, going to join 78, 79 and 80 Brigades RFA respectively. The D Batteries of those brigades joined and were renamed as A, B and C Batteries of 81 Brigade RFA.
    • Between 2 and 4 September 1916 D (Howitzer) Battery rejoined from 80 Brigade and once again became this brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery. C (Howitzer) Battery was split up to bring A and B (Howitzer) Battery up to six howitzers each.
    • The brigade was finally broken up between 10 and 27 January 1917. A Battery went to 147 Brigade RFA; B Battery went to 76 Brigade RFA; D (Howitzer) Battery was split into two, parts going to 78 and 79 Brigades RFA.

Links

The Batteries and Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

17th (Northern) Division

The Order of Battle of Divisions