Royal Artillery depots, training and home defence units

There were three roles for home-based units of the Royal Regiment of Artillery:

1. As depot or training units;

2. For providing mobile artillery forces for use in the event of enemy attack (or, as proved to be the case in Ireland in 1916, for use against insurrection);

3. For providing static artillery forces to defend key ports and coastal installations.

The listing below is the establishment of the home-based artillery as at November 1918, with the exception of anti-aircraft units.

Please note that this information has been compiled from multiple sources.

Royal Horse Artillery

Depot or unitLocation and notes
RHA DepotWoolwich
HAC DepotFinsbury
Riding EstablishmentWoolwich
A Instructional BatteryShoeburyness
B Instructional BatteryLarkhill
X Reserve Brigade RHAWoolwich, consisting of P, R and AA Batteries
8th Reserve Brigade RHA TFBulford, consisting of K and L Batteries
HAC Reserve BatteryLeeds
RHA School of InstructionWoolwich

Royal Field Artillery

Depot or unitLocation and notes
No 1 DepotNewcastle upon Tyne
No 2 DepotPreston
No 3 DepotHilsea
No 4 DepotWoolwich
No 5 DepotAthlone
No 6 DepotGlasgow
No 2 TF Artillery SchoolBettisfield Park
No 3 TF Artillery SchoolBulford
No 4 TF Artillery SchoolHigh Wycombe
No 5 TF Artillery SchoolRichmond (Yorkshire)
No 7 TF Artillery SchoolWinchester
1 A Reserve Brigadeconsisting of 1, 2 and 3 Reserve Batteries. At at Fenham Barracks, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1B Reserve Brigadeconsisting of 4, 5 and 6 Reserve Batteries. At Leeds, then Ipswich by July 1915, then Forest Row
1C Reserve Brigadeconsisting of 37, 38 and 39 Reserve Batteries. 37 at Northampton, the others at Hemel Hempstead.
2B Reserve BrigadePreston Barracks in Brighton, consisting of 10, 11 and 12 Reserve Batteries. Was converted into No 4 RFA Officer Cadet School in February 1917
2C Reserve BrigadeCatterick, consisting of 40, 41 and 42 Reserve Batteries
3A Reserve BrigadeLarkhill, consisting of 13, 14 and 15 Batteries. 57 Reserve Battery joined later
3B Reserve BrigadeTopsham Barracks in Exeter, consisting of 16, 17 and 18 Reserve Batteries. Was converted into No 2 RFA Officer Cadet School in February 1917
3C Reserve BrigadeDeepcut, consisting of 43, 44 and 45 Reserve Batteries
4A Reserve BrigadeWoolwich, consisting of 19, 20 and 21 Reserve Batteries. 56 later replaced 20
4B Reserve BrigadeBoyton, consisting of 22, 23 and 24 Reserve Batteries
5A Reserve BrigadeAthlone, consisting of 25, 26 and 27 Reserve Batteries
5B Reserve BrigadeEdinburgh, consisting of 59, 60 and 61 Reserve Batteries. (The "out of sequence" numbering of the batteries suggests that this replaced an earlier 5B, which may have been associated with the Athlone Depot or at least in Ireland). 61 (Reserve) Battery is also known to have been at Lessness Park Camp, Abbey Wood, in spring 1918.
5C Reserve BrigadeCharlton Park, consisting of 49, 50 and 51 Reserve Batteries
6A Reserve BrigadeGlasgow, consisting of 31, 32 and 33 Reserve Batteries. Brigade broken up at some point - see batteries below
6B Reserve BrigadeEdinburgh, consisting of 34, 35 and 36 Reserve Batteries
6C Reserve BrigadeGlasgow (possibly Maryhill), consisting of 52, 146 and 147 Batteries
60 Reserve BrigadeAldershot. Details sketchy but certainly appears as such in men's service records in 1918
31 Reserve BatteryGlasgow, a remount training unit
37 Reserve BatteryNorthampton, a remount training unit
40 Reserve BatteryBulford, a remount training unit
62 Reserve BatteryRipon, a remount training unit
63 Reserve BatteryBulford, a remount training unit
Central Signalling DepotSwanage
No 2 Reserve Brigade TFBettisfield Park
No 3 Reserve Brigade TFBulford
No 4 Reserve Brigade TFHigh Wycombe
No 5 Reserve Brigade TFCatterick
No 6 Reserve Brigade TFLuton
No 7 Reserve Brigade TFBordon (Louisberg Barracks)
Independent Batteries393 (Canterbury); 396 (Westbere);
397 (Dundalk); 398 (Kildare); 414 (Sandwich); 415 (Ramsgate); 416
(Holt); 417 (Yarmouth); 418 (Frinton); 419 (Leiston); 541 (Larkhill);
542 (Kildare); 544 (Worksop); 878 (Larkhill); 879 (Fermoy); 884 (KIldare);
886 (Fermoy); 1170 (Larkhill) and 1206 (North Walsham)

In addition to the depots and units shown above was the field artillery of Divisions that were based at home.

Joint Royal Horse & Royal Field Artillery

UnitLocation and notes
Artillery Reception BrigadeBrighton. Officer training.
No 1 Officer Cadet SchoolSt John's Wood
No 1 Officer Cadet SchoolTopsham Barracks, Exeter
No 3 Officer Cadet SchoolWeedon
Signalling Training SchoolCrowborough
Gunnery SchoolChapperton Down (Larkhill)

Royal Garrison Artillery

Depots and training schools

Depot/UnitLocation and notes
No1 DepotNewhaven (1914. Date of departure unknown). Then Fort Burgoyne, Dover.
No 1 Depot (Heavy and Siege)Derby
No 2 Depot (Heavy and Siege)Fort Brockhurst, Gosport
No 3 Depot (Heavy and Siege)Plymouth
No 4 Depot (Heavy and Siege)Ripon
A Depot Siege ArtilleryBexhill then Shoreham then Catterick, where it also became the Signal Training Centre for Siege Artillery in December 1916
B Depot Siege ArtilleryBexhill. In 1917 it became No 1 Siege Artillery Reserve Brigade
C? Depot Siege ArtilleryStowlangtoft. For Dominion troops. In 1917 it became No 2 Siege Artillery Reserve Brigade
No 1 Reinforcing Siege Depot Bexhill
No 2 Reinforcing Siege DepotCatterick
No 1 Reserve Brigade (Siege)Shoreham
No 2 Reserve Brigade (Siege)Catterick
No 3 Reserve Brigade (Siege)Prees Heath
No 4 Reserve Brigade (Siege)Aldershot
No 1 Reserve Brigade (Heavy)Winchester
No 2 Reserve Brigade (Heavy)Winchester
No 5 (C) Mountain Reserve BatteryCatterick
No 1 Officer Cadet SchoolTrowbridge
No 2 Officer Cadet SchoolMaresfield Park
No 3 Officer Cadet SchoolBournemouth
No 4 Officer Cadet SchoolWeymouth
Siege Artillery SchoolLydd
Siege Artillery SchoolHorsham
Siege Artillery SchoolAldershot
Siege Instructional BatteryChapperton Down (Larkhill)
Heavy Artillery Training CentreWinchester
RGA Signals Training CentreDunfermline (closed 31 Dec 1918)
RGA Signals Training CentreBettisfield Park (closed 31 Dec 1918)
RGA Signals Training CentrePlymouth (closed 31 Dec 1918)

Coastal defence units

The Fire Commands came into existence by Army Order on 7 September 1918. In some cases, a given Fire Command was sub-divided into Administrative Batteries.

UnitLocation and notes
No 1 Depot (Coastal)Newhaven. Moved to Fort Burgoyne 16 May 1915, to Rugeley 23 Oct 1916 and then Derby 25 May 1917
No 2 Depot (Coastal)Gosport
No 3 Depot (Coastal)Plymouth
No 4 Depot (Coastal)Great Yarmouth
No 1 Coastal Fire CommandFalmouth
No 2 Coastal Fire CommandPlymouth
No 3 Coastal Fire CommandDrakes Island
No 4 Coastal Fire CommandWembury
No 5 Coastal Fire CommandPortland
No 6 Coastal Fire CommandNeedles
No 7 Coastal Fire CommandCulver
No 8 Coastal Fire CommandHorsesand Forst
No 9 Coastal Fire CommandPortsmouth
No 10 Coastal Fire CommandNewhaven
No 11 Coastal Fire CommandDover
No 12 Coastal Fire CommandSheerness
No 13 Coastal Fire CommandGrain Port
No 14 Coastal Fire CommandLanguard
No 15 Coastal Fire CommandSpurn Head
No 16 Coastal Fire CommandHull
No 17 Coastal Fire CommandHartlepool
No 18 Coastal Fire CommandTynemouth
No 19 Coastal Fire CommandInchkeith
No 20 Coastal Fire CommandInchcolm
No 21 Coastal Fire CommandCarlingnose
No 22 Coastal Fire CommandBroughty Ferry
No 23 Coastal Fire CommandGourock
No 24 Coastal Fire CommandLiverpool
No 25 Coastal Fire CommandMilford Haven
No 26 Coastal Fire CommandCardiff
No 31 Coastal Fire CommandBerehaven
No 32 Coastal Fire CommandTemplebreedy
No 34 Coastal Fire CommandCarrickfergus
No 35 Coastal Fire CommandLough Swilly
No 36 Coastal Fire CommandChannel Islands

Independent home-based units

Siege Batteries472 (Lavington); 529 (Barrow); 519, 530, 536, 537, 539, 540, 541 (all Lydd)
Heavy Batteries2/1st Highland (Sheringham); 2/1st Lancashire (Ramsgate); 2/1st Welsh (Blythchurch); 2/1st Northumbrian (Filey); 2/1st West Riding (Blyth); 2/1st South Midland (Ramsgate); 2/1st East Anglian (Lowestoft); 2/1st Home Counties (Mundesley); 2/1st London (Colchester) and 2/2nd London (Hollesley)



The Royal Artillery

The raising of new TF Howitzer Batteries in 1916