The Heavy Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery

Heavy artillery

The role of the Heavy Battery

Heavy Batteries RGA were equipped with heavy guns, sending large calibre high explosive shells in fairly flat trajectory fire.The usual armaments were 60 pounder (5 ich) guns, although some had obsolescent 5 inch howitzers. As British artillery tactics developed, the Heavy Batteries were most often employed in destroying or neutralising the enemy artillery, as well as putting destructive fire down on strongpoints, dumps, store, roads and railways behind enemy lines. The armaments of each battery will be given as details are added.

The Regular and New Army Batteries

Heavy BatteryFirst overseasRemarks
9th Heavy BatteryFrance, 11 May 1915
10thGallipoli, July 1915
11thEast Africa, 8 February 1916
12thFrance, 31 May 1915
13thFrance, 2 June 1915Later to Salonika
14thFrance, 20 May 1915
15thGallipoli, 11 July 1915Later to Palestine
16thFrance, 10 June 1915
17thFrance, 7 October 1915
18thEgypt, 17 October 1915Later to Salonika
19thFrance, 15 July 1915Later to Italy
20thFrance, 7 August 1915
21stFrance
22ndFrance, 31 August 1915
23rdFrance, 15 September 1915
24thFrance, 9 September 1914
25thEgypt, 11 January 1916Later to France
26thFrance, 16 August 1914
31stFrance, 22 August 1914
35thFrance, 18 August 1914
38thFrance, 30 March 1916
48thFrance, 18 August 1914
71stFrance, 14 February 1915
72ndMesopotamia, 20 December 1915From India
77thMesopotamia, 20 December 1915From India
86thMesopotamia, March 1915From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/86thMesopotamia, 5 March 1916From India
90thGallipoli, June 1915Later to France
91stGallipoli, June 1915Later to Palestine
92nd
1/104thMesopotamia, May 1915From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/104thMesopotamia, 5 March 1916
108thFrance, 17 August 1914
109thFrance, 23 September 1914
110thFrance, 20 September 1914
111thFrance, 5 October 1914
112thFrance, 5 October 1914
113thLe Havre, France, 4 October 1914
114thLe Havre, France, 4 October 1914
115thLe Havre, France, 4 October 1914
116thLe Havre, France, 4 October 1914
117thFrance, April 1916
118thFrance, 6 November 1914
119thFrance, 6 November 1914
120thFrance, 27 March 1916
121stFrance, 14 February 1915
122ndFrance, 8 March 1915
123rdFrance, 8 March 1915
124thFrance, April 1916
125thFrance, April 1916
126thFrance, April 1916
127thFrance, May 1916
128thFrance, March 1916
129thFrance, 27 March 1916
130thEgypt, 7 February 1916
131stFrance, 9 March 1916
132ndFrance, March 1916
133rdFrance, 26 May 1916
134thEast Africa, 26 December 1915
135thFrance, May 1916
136thFrance, 31 May 1916
137thFrance, April 1916
138thFrance, 14 April 1916
139thFrance, April 1916
140thFrance, April 1916
141stFrance, April 1916
142ndFrance, 21 March 1916
143rdSalonika, 25 July 1916
144thFrance, 18 June 1916
145thFrance, May 1916
146thFrance, June 1916
147thFrance, June 1916
148thFrance, 17 July 1916
149thFrance, 27 July 1916
150thFrance, 18 June 1916
151stFrance, 19 June 1916
152ndFrance, 25 April 1916
153rdSalonika, 25 July 1916
154thFrance, 30 April 1916
155thFrance, 31 May 1916Later to Italy
156thFrance, June 1916
157thMesopotamia, 11 July 1916
158thEast Africa, 8 February 1916
159thFrance, June 1916
160thFrance, 30 July 1916
161stFrance, 27 July 1916
162ndFrance, 27 July 1916
163rdFrance, 30 July 1916
164thFrance, 30 August 1916
165thFrance, August 1916
166th
167thFrance, 31 August 1916
168thFrance, 28 August 1916
169thFrance, 31 August 1916
170thFrance, 31 August 1916
171stFrance, 30 August 1916
172ndFrance, 30 September 1916
173rdFrance, 31 October 1916
174thFrance, 1 November 1916
175thFrance, 29 September 1916
176thFrance, 29 September 1916
177thMesopotamia
180thSalonika, 1 April 1917
181stSalonika, January 1917
182ndFrance, 29 September 1916
183rdFrance, 30 September 1916
184thFrance, 30 September 1916
185thSalonika, 12 January 1917
188thSalonika, 1 April 1917
189thEgypt, 1 June 1917
190thSalonika, 15 January 1917
191stFrance, 18 January 1917
192ndSalonika, 13 January 1917
193rdFrance, 5 January 1917
194thFrance, January 1917
195thEgypt, 3 March 1917
196thSalonika, 13 January 1917
197thFrance, 19 November 1916
198thFrance, 19 November 1916
199thFrance, 22 February 1917
200thFrance, 25 February 1917
201stFrance, 19 January 1917
202ndEgypt, May 1917
203rdFrance, January 1917
Richards BatteryFormed in France, 16 June 1916

The Territorial Batteries

Heavy BatteryFirst overseasRemarks
1/1st HighlandFrance, 3 May 1915
1/1st LowlandFrance, 15 February 1916
1/1st West RidingFrance, 16 April 1915HQ Lumley Barracks, Bootham, York
1/1st LondonFrance, 2 March 1916
1/2nd LondonFrance, 15 March 1915
1/1st WelshFrance, 2 March 1916
1/1st WarwickFrance, 30 March 1915Later to Italy
1/1st North MidlandFrance, 28 February1915
1/1st EssexFrance, 13 March 1916
1/1st KentFrance, 28 December 1915
1/1st NorthumbrianFrance, 20 April 1915
1/1st WessexFrance, 22 April 1916
2/1st LowlandFrance, 28 May 1916
2/1st North MidlandFrance, 28 May 1916
2/1st LondonRemained in UK (see 71st Division)
2/2nd LondonRemained in UK (see 71st Division)

The Canadian Batteries

Heavy BatteryFirst overseasRemarks
1st CanadianFrance, 12 February 1915
2nd CanadianFrance, 16 September 1915

Source: Allocation of Heavy Batteries RGA. National Archives WO95/5494, with additions from Orders of Battle.

A note on titles

Once there were enough to require a higher organisation, the Heavy and Siege Batteries were organised into Heavy Artillery Brigades. This title was altered to Heavy Artillery groups on 2 April 1916, but was changed back to Brigades on 17 December 1917. Having said that, the two terms do seem to have been used quite interchangeably.

Links

The Royal Artillery

The Siege Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery