The Heavy Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery

Heavy artillery

The role of the Heavy Battery

Heavy Batteries RGA were equipped with heavy guns, sending large calibre high explosive shells in fairly flat trajectory fire.The usual armaments were 60 pounder (5 ich) guns, although some had obsolescent 5 inch howitzers. As British artillery tactics developed, the Heavy Batteries were most often employed in destroying or neutralising the enemy artillery, as well as putting destructive fire down on strongpoints, dumps, store, roads and railways behind enemy lines. The armaments of each battery will be given as details are added.

The Regular and New Army Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
9th Heavy Battery France, 11 May 1915
10th Gallipoli, July 1915
11th East Africa, 8 February 1916
12th France, 31 May 1915
13th France, 2 June 1915 Later to Salonika
14th France, 20 May 1915
15th Gallipoli, 11 July 1915 Later to Palestine
16th France, 10 June 1915
17th France, 7 October 1915
18th Egypt, 17 October 1915 Later to Salonika
19th France, 15 July 1915 Later to Italy
20th France, 7 August 1915
21st France
22nd France, 31 August 1915
23rd France, 15 September 1915
24th France, 9 September 1914
25th Egypt, 11 January 1916 Later to France
26th France, 16 August 1914
31st France, 22 August 1914
35th France, 18 August 1914
38th France, 30 March 1916
48th France, 18 August 1914
71st France, 14 February 1915
72nd Mesopotamia, 20 December 1915 From India
77th Mesopotamia, 20 December 1915 From India
86th Mesopotamia, March 1915 From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/86th Mesopotamia, 5 March 1916 From India
90th Gallipoli, June 1915 Later to France
91st Gallipoli, June 1915 Later to Palestine
92nd
1/104th Mesopotamia, May 1915 From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/104th Mesopotamia, 5 March 1916
108th France, 17 August 1914
109th France, 23 September 1914
110th France, 20 September 1914
111th France, 5 October 1914
112th France, 5 October 1914
113th France, 3 October 1914
114th France, 3 October 1914
115th France, 3 October 1914
116th France, 3 October 1914
117th France, April 1916
118th France, 6 November 1914
119th France, 6 November 1914
120th France, 27 March 1916
121st France, 14 February 1915
122nd France, 8 March 1915
123rd France, 8 March 1915
124th France, April 1916
125th France, April 1916
126th France, April 1916
127th France, May 1916
128th France, March 1916
129th France, 27 March 1916
130th Egypt, 7 February 1916
131st France, 9 March 1916
132nd France, March 1916
133rd France, 26 May 1916
134th East Africa, 26 December 1915
135th France, May 1916
136th France, 31 May 1916
137th France, April 1916
138th France, 14 April 1916
139th France, April 1916
140th France, April 1916
141st France, April 1916
142nd France, 21 March 1916
143rd Salonika, 25 July 1916
144th France, 18 June 1916
145th France, May 1916
146th France, June 1916
147th France, June 1916
148th France, 17 July 1916
149th France, 27 July 1916
150th France, 18 June 1916
151st France, 19 June 1916
152nd France, 25 April 1916
153rd Salonika, 25 July 1916
154th France, 30 April 1916
155th France, 31 May 1916 Later to Italy
156th France, June 1916
157th Mesopotamia, 11 July 1916
158th East Africa, 8 February 1916
159th France, June 1916
160th France, 30 July 1916
161st France, 27 July 1916
162nd France, 27 July 1916
163rd France, 30 July 1916
164th France, 30 August 1916
165th France, August 1916
166th
167th France, 31 August 1916
168th France, 28 August 1916
169th France, 31 August 1916
170th France, 31 August 1916
171st France, 30 August 1916
172nd France, 30 September 1916
173rd France, 31 October 1916
174th France, 1 November 1916
175th France, 29 September 1916
176th France, 29 September 1916
177th Mesopotamia
180th Salonika, 1 April 1917
181st Salonika, January 1917
182nd France, 29 September 1916
183rd France, 30 September 1916
184th France, 30 September 1916
185th Salonika, 12 January 1917
188th Salonika, 1 April 1917
189th Egypt, 1 June 1917
190th Salonika, 15 January 1917
191st France, 18 January 1917
192nd Salonika, 13 January 1917
193rd France, 5 January 1917
194th France, January 1917
195th Egypt, 3 March 1917
196th Salonika, 13 January 1917
197th France, 19 November 1916
198th France, 19 November 1916
199th France, 22 February 1917
200th France, 25 February 1917
201st France, 19 January 1917
202nd Egypt, May 1917
203rd France, January 1917
Richards Battery Formed in France, 16 June 1916

The Territorial Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
1/1st Highland France, 3 May 1915
1/1st Lowland France, 15 February 1916
1/1st West Riding France, 16 April 1915
1/1st London France, 2 March 1916
1/2nd London France, 15 March 1915
1/1st Welsh France, 2 March 1916
1/1st Warwick France, 30 March 1915 Later to Italy
1/1st North Midland France, 28 February1915
1/1st Essex France, 13 March 1916
1/1st Kent France, 28 December 1915
1/1st Northumbrian France, 20 April 1915
1/1st Wessex France, 22 April 1916
2/1st Lowland France, 28 May 1916
2/1st North Midland France, 28 May 1916
2/1st London Remained in UK (see 71st Division)
2/2nd London Remained in UK (see 71st Division)

The Canadian Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
1st Canadian France, 12 February 1915
2nd Canadian France, 16 September 1915

Source: Allocation of Heavy Batteries RGA. National Archives WO95/5494, with additions from Orders of Battle.

A note on titles

Once there were enough to require a higher organisation, the Heavy and Siege Batteries were organised into Heavy Artillery Brigades. This title was altered to Heavy Artillery groups on 2 April 1916, but was changed back to Brigades on 17 December 1917. Having said that, the two terms do seem to have been used quite interchangeably.

Links

The Royal Artillery

The Siege Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery