Timeline of April 1918

Wounded Portuguese troops waiting for the Hospital Train; near Bethune on 10 April 1918. From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM Q438,with my thanks. The 2nd Portuguese Division was wiped out on the first day of the German "Operation Georgette", 9 April 1918.

Wounded Portuguese troops waiting for the Hospital Train; near Bethune on 10 April 1918. From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM Q438,with my thanks. The 2nd Portuguese Division was wiped out on the first day of the German “Operation Georgette”, 9 April 1918.

April 1918

DateEvents
1Russian forces evacuate Enzeli in western Persia
1German Expeditionary Force leaves Danzig, bound for Finland: they land on 3 April
1The Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service are amalgamated and replaced by the new Royal Air Force
3German forces capture Ekaterinoslav in South Russia
4Battle of the Avre: French and British forces repel German attack on Amiens
4Turkish forces occupy Sarikamish in the Russian Caucasus
4British submarines at Helsinki are destroyed to avoid capture by Germans now in Finland
5Battle of the Ancre: seen officially by British sources as the end of the German offensive "Michael"
5British and Japanese marines land at Vladivostock
5Turkish forces recapture Van in Armenia
8German forces capture Kharkov in South Russia
9German "Operation Georgette" commences against British and Portuguese forces between Armentieres and Givenchy; known to the British as the Battle of the Lys; Germans force crossings of Lawe and Lys
9National Council of the Moldavian Republic passes Act of Union with Rumania
10Battle of Messines 1918 begins as German "Georgette" offensive front is broadened up almost to Ypres
10German submarine bombards Monrovia in Liberia
10British government passes extension to Military Service Act, raising upper age of conscription to 50 and extending it to Ireland; comes into effect on 18 April
10Pact of Rome signals agreement between Italy and new state of Yugo-Slavia
11German forces capture Armentieres and Merville as "Operation Georgette" proceeds
11French government publishes letter sent by Austrian Emperor proposing peace negotiations
12German airship raid on England causes (27) casualties: turns out to be the last to do so
12Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig issues "Backs to the wall" Special Order of the Day imploring his forces to stand fast and fight it out
13German forces capture Helsinki: Finnish government announces that germans have arrived at their request
13United Diets of Baltic provinces announce a resolution to form themselves into a separate state within the German Empire
14General Foch is appointed as Commander-in-Chief of Allied Armies in France (does not include Belgians)
15Bailleul is captured by Germans as "Operation Georgette" proceeds
15British naval raid in the Kattegat
15Turkish forces occupy Batum in Georgia
16As British Second Army withdraws in Ypres salient to release reserves for the Lys, German forces reoccupy Passchendaele
16Ukraine government issues protest against union of Bessarabia and Rumania
19German forces enter the Crimea region
20British Secretary of State for War, Lord Derby, resigns: Lord Milner replaces him
22Trans-Caucasian Council decides to declare independence
23British naval forces carry out blocking raids at Zeebrugge and Ostende
23Russian Bolshevik government issues protest against union of Bessarabia and Rumania
23Guatemala declares war on Germany
24German attack at Villers-Bretonneux: after initial success the move is defeated by British and Commonwealth forces in counter attack
26German forces carry out extraoridinary feat of arms in capturing Mount Kemmel from French
27Turkish forces occupy Kars in Georgia
27First contingent of Italian trrops arrive on French front
29German attempt to advance from kemml to capture Scherpenberg is held: considered by British to mark the end of the Battle of the Lys
29German government establishes military dictatorship in Ukraine
30German and White Finnish troops capture Viborg in Finland
30Second battle at Es Salt in Palestine

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March 1918

May 1918

Chronology of the Great War