Timeline of July 1918

A photograph taken on 10 July 1918. Two men of the 7th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery operate a mortar established in a machine gun post on the new front line. From left to right: 1916 Lance Corporal A J Ellis and 2700 Private A Lawler. This position was part of a few hundred yards captured from the enemy in a silent daylight raid on 9 July by a party of the 27th Battalion. The location is just east of Villers-Bretonneux between the railway and the south side of the Amiens-St Quentin main road, alongside a position called 'The Orchard'. A fine example of the "peaceful penetration" tactics employed by the Aussies at this time. From the Australian First World War Official Exchange Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM E(AUS)2677,with my thanks.

A photograph taken on 10 July 1918. Two men of the 7th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery operate a mortar established in a machine gun post on the new front line. From left to right: 1916 Lance Corporal A J Ellis and 2700 Private A Lawler. This position was part of a few hundred yards captured from the enemy in a silent daylight raid on 9 July by a party of the 27th Battalion. The location is just east of Villers-Bretonneux between the railway and the south side of the Amiens-St Quentin main road, alongside a position called ‘The Orchard’. A fine example of the “peaceful penetration” tactics employed by the Aussies at this time. From the Australian First World War Official Exchange Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM E(AUS)2677,with my thanks.

July 1918

DateEvents
1Fighting at Nyamakura in East Africa; ends 3 July
3Turkish Sultan Mohammed V dies and is succeeded to the throne by Mohammed VI
4Siberian Council declares independence: withdraws it two days later
6French and Italian forces begin offensive in Albania
6Count Mirbach, German ambassador in Moscow, murdered
7Britain, France, USA and Murman Soviet sign an agreement regarding Allied expedition on Murman coast of north Russia
10Italian forces capture Berat in Albania
10A government is formed at Vladivostock, headed by General Horvat
12Haiti declares war on Germany
13Czech Legion forces occupy Irkutsk in Siberia; next they also occupy Kazan
15 Fourth Battle of Champagne (or the Battle of Reims) begins as German forces attack east of Reims; lasts to 18 July and is held; is also considered to be part of Second Battle of the Marne which begins 18 July
15British government issues protest against Dutch agreement to supply Germany with sand and gravel (made in May)
16Austro-Hungarian commander-in-chief Field Marshal Conrad von Hotzendorff is relieved of his command
16Tsar Nicholas II and his family murdered at Ekaterinburg
18The Battle of Soissons and also considered to be part of the Second Battle of the Marne begins: French and Italian forces launch major counter attack against west side of German salient in Champagne; a turning point in the war
19Honduras declares war on Germany
19British forces commence operations in Trans-Caspia
20In continuing Second Battle of the Marne, German forces retreat north across the Marne
20Air raid on England causes no damage: it turns out to be the last raid until WW2
20British forces engaged in defence of Resht in north west Persia
21In continuing Second Battle of the Marne, French and United States forces recapture Chateau-Thierry
22Allied offensive in Albania is checked to a halt
23The Battle of Soissonnais and of the Ourcq, also considered part of the Second Battle of the Marne, commences; it is an Allied attack on the east side of the German salient in the Champagne; includes British attack in area of Marfaux and Buzancy, south west of Reims
26French troops arrive to join North Russian Expeditionary Force
26Coup d'Etat at Baku in which Bolsheviks are ousted by Central Caspian Dictatorship
28Allied forces recapture Fere-en-Tardenois as northward advance continues from Marne
30 Field Marshal von Eichhorn, commanding German forces in Ukraine, assassinated in Kiev

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June 1918

August 1918

Chronology of the Great War