Timeline of October 1918

A camouflaged British 6 inch Mark 7 Field Gun in action near Hargicourt, 1 October 1918. From the Australian First World War Official Exchange Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM E(AUS)3549,with my thanks.

A camouflaged British 6 inch Mark 7 Field Gun in action near Hargicourt, 1 October 1918. From the Australian First World War Official Exchange Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image IWM E(AUS)3549,with my thanks.

October 1918

DateEvents
Allied offensives continue on Western Front: in Flanders, on Hindenburg Line, in Champagne and the Argonne
1French forces recapture Saint-Quentin
1Italian forces recapture Berat in Albania
1Damascus falls to British and Arab forces
1The Strait of Otranto is closed by an Allied sea mine and net barrage
2British and Italian warships bombard Durazzo on Albanian coast
3New phase of British offsenive begins: the Battle of the Beaurevoir Line (lasts to 5 October)
3British forces recapture Armentieres
4Prince Max of Baden is appointed as Imperial Chancellor of Germany
4German and Austro-Hungarian governments send notes to US President Wilson, proposing an Armistice
4General Edmund Ironside takes over command of Allied forces at Archangel in North Russia
5Serbian forces recapture Vranje
6British forces in Palestine occupy Sidon and advance on Beirut, which is taken next day
8In teh ciontinuing Battles of the Hindenburg Line, the phase the Battle of Cambrai begins: the town is captured next day
8President Wilson replies to German and Austro-Hunarian notes and demands evacuation of occupied territories as a first condistion of any armistice
10At least 501 lives lost as mail ship "Leinster" is sunk in Irish Sea by German submarine UB-123.
10French forces capture Pristina in Serbia
11Allied forces capture Nish in Serbia
12French troops recapture Craonne on Chemin des Dames ridge
12German government signals that it will accept President Wilson's conditions regarding armistice
12British government states it recognises Polish national army as automomous and allied
13French forces recapture Laon and La Fere
13Allied forces capture Tripoli in Syria
14New phase of offensive in Flanders as Battle of Courtrai begins
14Allied forces recapture Roulers (Roeselare) in Flanders
14In Siberia, British forces advancing from Vladivostock occupy Irkutsk
14President Wilson adds military conditions for any armistice talks with Germany and states he will deal only with a democratic government
14Turkish government proposes an armistice in a note to President Wilson
15Official date of end of battles in Champagne and the Argonne
15Allied forces capture Menin in Flanders
15British cavalry seizes Homs in Syria
17Allied forces capture Lille, Douai and Ostende as multiple offensives on Western Front continue to make progress: a new phase - the Battle of the Selle - opens
18In Siberia, British forces advancing from Vladivostock occupy Omsk
19Belgian forces recapture Zeebrugge and Bruges in Flanders; next day they complete capture of all of Belgian coast
20Germans accept President Wilson's conditions for armistice talks: on 23 October he says he will submit the matter to the Allied governments
21Czecho-Slovaks declare independence from Austro-Hungarian empire
22British forces in northern Mesopotamia begin advance on Mosul
24Major Allied offensive launched in Italy: the Battle of Vittorio Veneto
24Resignation of Dr Wekerle as Hungarian premier
25Battle of the Selle ends
25British forces recapture Kirkuk in Mesopotamia
26British forces capture Aleppo in Syria
27Austrian governmemt asks Italy for an armistice; they also ask President Wilson for immediate armistice without awaiting teh result of other negotiations
27Resignation of General Ludendorff as German defeat now evident
28In Mesopotamia, Battle of Sharqat begins; ends after two days
27Resignation of General Ludendorff as German defeat now evident
30Turkey and Allied powers sign an armistice at Mudros
30Surrender of Turkish army on River Tigris
30Hungarian authorities surrender Fiume (Rijeka) to Croatians
31Hostilities between Allies and Turkey cease at noon
31Italian forces capture Scutari in Albania
31Revolutions in Vienna and Budapest; Count Tisza assassinated in Vienna
31Austrian Emperor hands Austro-Hungarian naval fleet to Yugo-Slav National Council

Links

September 1918

November 1918

Chronology of the Great War