Field Bakeries of the Army Service Corps

The Field Bakery was a unit of the Supply department of the Army Service Corps.

This page is a continuing work in progress but the information shown is accurate, if incomplete.

Imperial War Museum photograph Q4786. Military bakers at the Bakery. Calais, March 1917.

“Expeditionary Force Tables” of 1914 show that one Field Bakery was allotted to each of the Divisions that would form part of a British Expeditionary Force that would go overseas in the event of war. The demands of war forced an enormous expansion of the industry which provided bread, a staple of the rations of each soldier. Bakeries were established at the principal base depots and near the concentrations of training camps at home.

Field Bakeries and their locations

2 Field Bakery
Le Havre. Disbanded 13 November 1919

3 Field Bakery
Le Havre. Went to Germany as part of the Army of Ocupation on the Rhine in 1919

4 Field Bakery
Le Havre. Went to Germany as part of the Army of Ocupation on the Rhine in 1919

5 Field Bakery
Le Havre. Disbanded 27 October 1919

6 Field Bakery
Rouen. Went to Germany as part of the Army of Ocupation on the Rhine in 1919

7 Field Bakery
Rouen. Disbanded December 1919

8 Field Bakery
Dieppe. Disbanded 16 November 1919

9 Field Bakery
Dieppe. Disbanded 13 November 1919

10 Field Bakery
Mesopotamia.

11 Field Bakery
Boulogne. Disbanded 27 April 1919

12 Field Bakery
Boulogne.

13 Field Bakery
Boulogne.

14 Field Bakery
Calais.

15 Field Bakery
Calais.
Newspapers of 4 April 1919 reported that there were about 90 men, ages ranging 40 to 50, still employed at this bakery and about 100 who had been serving from before 1916. No move had yet been made to demobilise these men, in spite of repeated applications.

16 Field Bakery
Calais. Disbanded 14 May 1919

17 Field Bakery
Dieppe.

18 Field Bakery
Egypt.

19 Field Bakery
Egypt.

20 Field Bakery
Salonika. Disbanded 1919.

21 Field Bakery
Salonika.

22 Field Bakery
Salonika.

23 Field Bakery
No details

24 Field Bakery
Italy.

25 Field Bakery
Italy.

26 Field Bakery
Egypt.

27 Field Bakery
Egypt.

1 Australian Field Bakery
Rouen.

2 and 3 Australian Field Bakeries
Calais.

4 and 5 Australian Field Bakeries
Rouen.

1, 2, 3 and 4 Canadian Field Bakeries
Boulogne.

1 New Zealand Field Bakery
Rouen.

Records of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission include men shown to be serving with bakeries numbered above 27. I am investigating them and will add details here as I find them.

Bakery Sections

From the “Daily Record” of 27 September 1917

3 Bakery Section
Marseilles.

9 Bakery Section
Portsmouth.

10 Bakery Section
New Milton. Disbanded 30 March 1919.

13 Bakery Section
Fovant.

22, 23 and 25 Bakery Sections
Winchester.

39, 40, 41 and 42 Bakery Sections
Ripon.

44 and 45 Bakery Sections
Scotton Camp, Catterick.

46 and 47 Bakery Sections
Hipswell Camp, Catterick.

48 Bakery Section
Scotton Camp, Catterick.

50 and 51 Bakery Sections
Halton Park.

52 Bakery Section
Crowborough.

53 Bakery Section
Northampton.

55 Bakery Section
Shoreham-by-Sea.

57 Bakery Section
Norwich.

59 Bakery Section*
Newcastle-on-Tyne.
*The source gives this as a Field Bakery and disbanded.

59 Bakery Section
St. Albans.

62 Bakery Section
Brighton.

63 Bakery Section
Bungay. Disbanded 29 August 1918.

65 Bakery Section
Newcastle-on-Tyne.

66 Bakery Section*
Curragh Camp, Ireland.
*The source gives this as a Field Bakery and disbanded 1 December 1919.

66 Bakery Section
Tynemouth.

67 Bakery Section
Newcastle-on-Tyne.

69 Bakery Section
Bedford. (Newspapers confirm it was on Ampthill Road)

70 Bakery Section
Darlington. Disbanded 17 April 1919.

72 and 73 Bakery Sections
East Africa.

78 and 81 Bakery Sections
Brocton Camp, Cannock Chase, Staffordshire.

87, 88 and 90 Bakery Sections
Clipstone Camp, Nottinghamshire.

95 and 96 Bakery Sections
Invergordon.

97 and 98 Bakery Sections
Dundee.

99 and 100 Bakery Sections
Dunfermline.

101 Bakery Section
Gailes. Disbanded 26 February 1919.

102 Bakery Section
Newhaven.

103 Bakery Section
Dover. Disbanded 5 December 1918.

104 Bakery Section
Chatham.

105 Bakery Section
Dover. Disbanded 8 December 1918.

112 Bakery Section
Saxmundham. Disbanded 20 September 1918.

113 and 114 Bakery Sections
North Walsham. Disbanded 14 September 1918.

115 Bakery Section
Sheerness.

116 Bakery Section
Beccles. Disbanded 25 August 1918.

118 Bakery Section
Holt.

119 Bakery Section
Gorleston-on-Sea. Disbanded 7 September 1918.

120 Bakery Section
Chatham.

124 and 125 Bakery Sections
Felixstowe and Dovercourt.

126, 127 and 128 Bakery Sections
Taranto, Italy.

129 Bakery Section
North Russia.

Soldier research tips

The men who served with the field bakeries and bakery sections were of the Supply depatrment of the Army Service Corps. Their numbers will begin with the department’s S prefix, with most being S4.

Source

Allocations of Army Service Corps units. National Archives WO95/5494.

Links

Army Service Corps