245, 246, 247 and 248 (Howitzer) Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery (49th Divisional Artillery)

These units were formed in 1908 for the new Territorial Force. They were originally known as I, II, III and IV (Howitzer) West Riding Brigades RFA.

CCXLV (I West Riding) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 1, 2 and 3 West Riding Batteries and I West Riding Brigade Ammunition Column. All were based at the artillery drill hall at Fenton Street in Leeds except for 2 West Riding Battery which was at Bramley
  • Each battery was equipped with four Mark I 15-pounder field guns
  • 17 April 1915: re-armed with Mark IV 15-pounder field guns from the brigades of 1st London Division
  • 25-26 October 1915: re-armed with 18-pounder field guns
  • 3 April 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXLI and the batteries lettered A, B and C
  • 17-18 April 1916: D Battery arrived from England
  • 19 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 21 May 1916: C Battery transferred to CCXLVIII Brigade; D Battery was renamed as C Battery
  • 21 May 1916: 11 West Riding (Howitzer) Battery joined from CCXLVIII Brigade and became this brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery
  • 18 October 1916: C Battery was broken up, sending two-gun sections to bring A and B Batteries up to six guns each
  • 18 October 1916: A Battery and a section of C Battery joined from CCXLVIII, merged into a single six-gun battery which was renamed as this brigade’s C battery
  • 8 January 1917: a two-howitzer section joined from B (Howitzer) Battery of CCXLVII Brigade was merged into D (Howitzer) Battery to bring it up to six howitzers.

CCXLVI (II West Riding) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 4, 5 and 6 West Riding Batteries and II West Riding Brigade Ammunition Column. 4 Battery and the Ammunition Column was based at Bradford, 5 Battery at Halifax and 6 Battery at Heckmondwike
  • Each battery was equipped with four Mark I 15-pounder field guns
  • April 1915: re-armed with Mark IV 15-pounder field guns
  • 20 October 1915: re-armed with 18-pounder field guns
  • 16 April 1916: D Battery was formed
  • 1 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXLII and 4 West Riding Battery was renamed as A Battery, 6 West Riding Battery as B Battery, and D Battery as C Battery
  • 1 May 1916: 5 West Riding Battery transferred to CCXLVIII
  • 1 May 1916: 10 West Riding (Howitzer) Battery joined from CCXLVIII Brigade and became this brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery
  • 19 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 18 October 1916: C Battery was broken up, sending two-gun sections to bring A and B Batteries up to six guns each
  • 18 October 1917: B Battery (formerly 5 West Riding) rejoined from CCXLVIII and was renamed as C Battery. It was made up to six guns by the transfer of a section of two from C Battery of CCXLVIII
  • 8 January 1917: a two-howitzer section joined from B (Howitzer) Battery of CCXLVII Brigade was merged into D (Howitzer) Battery to bring it up to six howitzers.

CCXLVII (III West Riding) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 7, 8 and 9 West Riding Batteries and IIII West Riding Brigade Ammunition Column. All were based at Norfolk Barracks in Sheffield
  • Each battery was equipped with four Mark I 15-pounder field guns
  • April 1915: re-armed with Mark IV 15-pounder field guns
  • 21 October 1915: re-armed with 18-pounder field guns
  • 19 April 1916: D Battery was formed
  • 13 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXLII and the original batteries lettered A, B and C
  • 13 May 1916: D Battery transferred to CCXLVIII Brigade
  • 13 May 1916: D (Howitzer) Battery joined from CCXLVIII Brigade and became this brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery
  • 19 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 18 October 1916: B Battery was broken up, sending two-gun sections to bring A and C Batteries up to six guns each
  • 18 October 1916: 518 (Howitzer) Battery joined from England
  • 4 December 1916: 518 (Howitzer) Battery  was renamed as B (Howitzer) Battery
  • 8 January 1917:  B (Howitzer) Battery was broken up, sending sections to the D (Howitzer) Batteries of CCXLV and CCXLVII to bring them up to six howitzers each.
  • January 1917: A Battery and a section of D (Howitzer) Battery transferred to CL Army Field Artillery Brigade
  • January 1917: C Battery and a section of D (Howitzer) Battery transferred to CCXXXIII Army Field Artillery Brigade
  • 28 February 1917: brigade ceased to exist

CCXLVIII (IV West Riding) (Howitzer) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 10 and 11 West Riding (Howitzer) Batteries and IV West Riding Brigade Ammunition Column. HQ and 10 Battery were based at Otley, 11 Battery at Ilkley and the Ammunition Column at Burley
  • Each battery was equipped with four 5-inch howitzers.
  • January 1916: re-armed with 4.5-inch howitzers
  • 16 February 1916: D (Howitzer) Battery joined from CLXIV Brigade (32nd Division) and became this brigade’s D (Howitzer) Battery
  • 1 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXLVIII
  • By 25 May 1916: 10 West Riding (Howitzer) Battery left to join CCXLVI Brigade as its D (Howitzer) Battery
  • By 25 May 1916: 11 West Riding (Howitzer) Battery left to join CCXLV Brigade as its D (Howitzer) Battery
  • By 25 May 1916: D (Howitzer) Battery left to join CCXLVII Brigade as its D (Howitzer) Battery
  • By 25 May 1916: C Battery joined from CCXLV and was renamed as this brigade’s A Battery
  • By 25 May 1916: 5 West Riding Battery joined from CCXLVI and was renamed as this brigade’s B Battery
  • By 25 May 1916: D Battery joined from CCXLVII and was renamed as this brigade’s C Battery
  • 19 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 18 October 1916: the brigade was broken up. A and half of C Batteries transferred to CCXLV Brigade and B and the other half of C went to CCXLVI.

49th Divisional Ammunition Column

  • This unit did not form until after mobilisation.
  • 19 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Columns merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column

Links

49th (West Riding) Division

Other batteries and brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

The Royal Artillery