CCXC, CCXCI, CCXCII and CCXCIII Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

These units were raised when the Territorial Force received an instruction on 31 August 1914 for each existing brigade and unit to form a reserve, “second line”. They were originally known as the 2/1st City of London, 2/2nd, 2/3rd and 2/4th London Brigades RFA and later as 290, 291, 292 and 293 Brigades RFA.

CCXC (2/1st City of London)

  • Raised as the “second line” to the 1st City of London Brigade RFA.
  • It was headquartered at Handel Street in Bloomsbury and comprised the 2/1st, 2/2nd and 2/3rd City of London Batteries and a Brigade Ammunition Column. Each battery was eventually equipped with four 18-pounder field guns.
  • The brigade came under orders of the 2/1st London Division, which was later renamed as the 58th (2/1st London) Division, joining it at Ipswich on 25 September 1915. The rest of the order of battle of the division can be seen via the link below.
  • During 1916 the batteries were renamed as A, B, C. 2/10th County of London (Howitzer) battery arrived from 2/4th London Brigade RFA and was renamed as D (Howitzer) Battery, and the Ammunition Column left to merge into the Divisional Ammunition Column.
  • Renamed as 290 Brigade RFA in May 1916.
  • The brigade sailed from Southampton for Le Havre on 20 January 1917.
  • On 6 February 1917 a section of two howitzers joined D (Howitzer) Battery from D (Howitzer) Battery of 293 Brigade, bringing it up to six.

CCXCI (2/2nd London)

  • Raised as the “second line” to the 2nd London Brigade RFA.
  • It was headquartered at Woolwich and comprised the 2/4th, 2/5th and 2/6th County of London Batteries and a Brigade Ammunition Column. Each battery was eventually equipped with four 18-pounder field guns. All were based at Woolwich except the 2/6th which was at Eltham.
  • The brigade came under orders of the 2/1st London Division, which was later renamed as the 58th (2/1st London) Division, joining it at Saxmundham on 27 September 1915. The rest of the order of battle of the division can be seen via the link below.
  • During 1916 the batteries were renamed as A, B, C. 2/11th County of London (Howitzer) battery arrived from 2/4th London Brigade RFA and was renamed as D (Howitzer) Battery,, and the Ammunition Column left to merge into the Divisional Ammunition Column.
  • Renamed as 291 Brigade RFA in May 1916.
  • The brigade sailed from Southampton for Le Havre on 22 January 1917.
  • On 6 February 1917 a section of two howitzers joined D (Howitzer) Battery from D (Howitzer) Battery of 293 Brigade, bringing it up to six.

CCXCII (2/3rd London)

  • Raised as the “second line” to the 3rd London Brigade RFA.
  • It was headquartered at the Artillery Barracks on Leonard Street in Finsbury and comprised the 2/7th, 2/8th and 2/9th County of London Batteries and a Brigade Ammunition Column.
  • The history of the brigade is rather obscure but appears to be short lived. Men were being transferred from the brigade to the 1/3rd London Brigade RFA throughout 1915 and many of them ended the war with 56 Divisional Ammunition Column. There is a note of the brigade joining the 2/1st London Division at Framlingham on 27 September 1915 and details in men’s service records show it to be there in January 1916.
  • Renamed as 292 Brigade RFA in May 1916.
  • Men were being transferred from the brigade to 290 Brigade RFA in September 1916. The brigade does not appear to have served overseas and it is my assumption that it was broken up before the end of 1916.

CCXCIII (2/4th London)(Howitzer)

  • Raised as the “second line” to the 4th London Brigade RFA.
  • It was headquartered at Ennersdale Road in Lewisham and comprised the 2/10th and 2/11th County of London (Howitzer) Batteries and a Brigade Ammunition Column. Each battery was eventually equipped with four 4.5 inch howitzers.
  • The brigade came under orders of the 2/1st London Division, which was later renamed as the 58th (2/1st London) Division, joining it at Warren Heath, Ipswich on 21 September 1915. The rest of the order of battle of the division can be seen via the link below.
  • In July 1916 the brigade was broken up. The batteries moved to 290 and 291 Brigades and became their D (Howitzer) Batteries.
  • It was reformed in August 1916 by the arrival of 1/1st Shropshire Royal Horse Artillery (which became A Battery); 1/1st Glamorganshire RHA (B Battery); and new C and D (Howitzer) Batteries.
  • Renamed as 293 Brigade RFA in May 1916.
  • The brigade sailed from Southampton for Le Havre on 21 January 1917.
  • On 6 February 1917 D (Howitzer) Battery from D (Howitzer) Battery was broken up, with two-howitzer sections going to the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 290 and 291 Brigades respectively, with a surplus going to the Divisional Ammunition Column. The war diary however also states that one six howitzer battery was left (presumably C, which had previously been reported to have only four).
  • The brigade was detached from the division and converted to an Army Field Artillery Brigade on 6 February 1917.
  • On 15 February 1917 a section of two howitzers was sent from C Battery to join 48 Brigade RFA.
  • The Brigade Ammunition Column rejoined, having left the DAC, on 24 February 1917.
  • B Battery joined from 287 Brigade RFA on 8 March 1917: the war diary says it was renamed as C Battery but this makes little sense; I suspect that this should read D as that battery appears thereafter. B/287 was a field gun battery, of the unit formerly known as the 2/3rd Wwst Lancashire Brigade RFA.
  • On 29 April 1918 a section of two howitzers joined D Battery.

Divisional Ammunition Column

  • The DAC landed in France on 26 January 1917 and came under command of 58th (2/1st London) Division.

Note

There is information currently available on the internet which is inaccurate concerning the histories of 292 and 293 Brigades RFA. This appears to stem from an error in Becke’s Order of Battle, which confused the two units. The facts shown above have been conformed from war diaries, men’s service records and newspaper reports.

Links

The Batteries and Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

58th (2/1st London) Division

Order of Battle of Divisions