CCXXXV, CCXXXVI, CCXXXVII and CXXXVIII (Howitzer) Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery (47th Divisional Artillery)

These units were formed in 1908 for the new Territorial Force. They were originally known as V, VI, VII and VIII (Howitzer) London Brigades RFA.

CCXXXV (V London) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 12, 13 and 14 County of London Batteries and V London Brigade Ammunition Column. All based at the artillery drill hall at 76 Lower Kennington Lane, Lambeth, except for 14th Battery which was at Porteous Road in Paddington.
  • Each battery was equipped with four 15-pounder field guns.
  • Re-armed with 18-pounder field guns 6 November 1915
  • 20 April 1916: 34 Battery joined from XXXVIII Brigade of 6th Division
  • 14 May 1916: 34 Battery was transferred to VIII London (Howitzer) Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: R (Howitzer) Battery joined from VII London (Howitzer) Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXXXV and the batteries lettered A, B, C and D (Howitzer)
  • 15-20 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 27 November 1916: A Battery was broken up, with two-gun sections going to B and C Batteries to bring them up to six guns each. B was then renamed as A Battery and C renamed as B Battery
  • 27 November 1916: A Battery joined from CCXXXVIII Brigade and was renamed as C Battery
  • 19 January 1917: a two-howitzer section transferred from D (Howitzer) Battery to D (Howitzer) Battery of CCXXXVII; D (Howitzer) Battery joined from CCXXXVIII and was merged into D (Howitzer) Battery to bring it up to six howitzers

Imperial War Museum photograph Q6320. With thanks. “235th Brigade (47th Divisional Artillery) watering their horses in captured Flesquieres, 24 November 1917”.

CCXXXVI (VI London) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 15, 16 and 17 County of London Batteries and VI London Brigade Ammunition Column. All based at the artillery drill hall at 105 Holland Road in Brixton.
  • Each battery was equipped with four 15-pounder field guns.
  • Re-armed with 18-pounder field guns 16 November 1915
  • 17 May 1916: 22 (Howitzer) Battery joined from VIII London (Howitzer) Brigade
  • 17 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXXXVI and the batteries lettered A, B, C and D (Howitzer)
  • 15-20 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 21-27 November 1916: C Battery was broken up, with two-gun sections going to A and B Batteries to bring them up to six guns each
  • 27 November 1916: 523 (Howitzer) Battery joined from the division (see below) and was renamed C (Howitzer) Battery
  • 19 January 1917: C (Howitzer) Battery was broken up, with sections leaving the division to join CIV and CLXXXIX Brigades respectively
  • 19 January 1917: C Battery joined from CCXXXVIII and retained its name
  • 19 January 1917: a two-howitzer section transferred from D (Howitzer) Battery of CCXXXV Brigade to bring D (Howitzer) Battery up to six howitzers

CCXXXVII (VII London) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 18, 19 and 20 County of London Batteries and VII London Brigade Ammunition Column. All based at the artillery drill hall at High Street, Fulham, except for 19 Battery at Wood Lane, Shepherd’s Bush.
  • Each battery was equipped with four 15-pounder field guns.
  • Re-armed with 18-pounder field guns 16 November 1915
  • 20 April 1916: R (Howitzer) Battery joined from VIII London (Howitzer) Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: R (Howitzer) Battery was transferred to V London Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXXXVII and the batteries lettered A, B and C
  • 15-20 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 29 November 1916: the brigade was broken up. A Battery transferred to CCXXXV; B and C transferred to CCXXXVIII

CCXXXVIII (VIII London) Brigade

  • Comprised of Brigade Headquarters, numbers 21 and 22 County of London (Howitzer) Batteries and VIII London Brigade Ammunition Column. All based at the artillery drill hall at Oaklands, St. Margaret’s Road, Woolwich.
  • Each battery was equipped with four 5-inch howitzers.
  • Re-armed with 4.5-inch howitzers 19 January 1916
  • 4 February 1916: B Battery of CLXXVI Brigade joined
  • 4 February 1916: R (Howitzer) Battery joined
  • 20 April 1916: R (Howitzer) Battery was transferred to VII London Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: 34 Battery joined from V London Brigade
  • 14 May 1916: the brigade was renamed to CCXXXVIII: B Battery retained that name; 34 Battery was renamed C Battery; and 21 Battery was renamed D (Howitzer) Battery
  • 15-20 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Column left to be merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 27 November 1916: B Battery was broken up, with two-gun sections going to 34 and C Batteries to bring them up to six guns each; C Battery was then renamed as B Battery; B Battery and a two-gun section of C Battery joined from CCXXXVII and merged to form a new C Battery
  • 20-21 January 1917: the brigade was broken up. 34 Battery transferred to CLXXXIX Brigade; B Battery went to CIV Brigade; D (Howitzer) Battery went to CCXXXV Brigade.

47th Divisional Ammunition Column

  • This unit did not form until after mobilisation.
  • 15-20 May 1916: the Brigade Ammunition Columns merged into the Divisional Ammunition Column

Other

  • I London Brigade RFA served with the division between 3 and 26 January 1916 before being transferred to 56th (London) Division
  • III London Brigade RFA served with the division between 27 January and 19 February 1916 before being transferred to 56th (London) Division
  • 523 (Howitzer) Battery joined the division from England 19 October 1916 and was transferred to CCXXXVI on 27 November 1916
  • The artillery of 50th (Northumbrian) Division served under command of this division 13 to 25 August 1918 before being transferred to 3rd Australian Division
  • Portuguese 4th Artillery Brigade served under command of this division 14 October to 16 November 1918

Links

47th (2nd London) Division

Other batteries and brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

The Royal Artillery