CLVII, CLVIII, CLIX and CLXIII (Howitzer) Brigades (35th Divisional Artillery)

These four brigades were formed as part of the raising of the Fifth New Army, which was renamed the Fourth New Army in April 1915. They are also sometimes shown as 157, 158, 159 and 163 (Howitzer) Brigades RFA.

CLVII (Aberdeen)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA (each of four 18-pounder field guns) and the Brigade Ammunition Column and was raised in Aberdeen. It was placed under command of the 35th Division and went to France with it on 30 January 1916.
    • On 25 May 1916 the Brigade Ammunition Column left and was merged into the 35th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 28 May 1916 “D” Battery left to go to CLXIII, where it became “A” Battery. In exchange, “A” (Howitzer) Battery joined from CLXIII and became this brigade’s “D” (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 9 September 1916 the brigade was joined by “A” Battery from CLXIII (Howitzer) Brigade, which was split up to bring  “A” and “B” Batteries up to six guns each. A section of two also joined from “C” Battery of CLVIII and was added to “C” Battery.
    • On 9 January 1917 a section joined from “C” Battery of CLVIII and was added to “D” (Howitzer) Battery.

CLVIII (Accrington and Burnley)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA (each of four 18-pounder field guns) and the Brigade Ammunition Column and was raised in Accrington and Burnley. It was placed under command of the 35th Division and went to France with it on 1 February 1916.
    • On 25 May 1916 the Brigade Ammunition Column left and was merged into the 35th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 27 May 1916 “D” Battery left to go to CLXIII, where it became “B” Battery. In exchange, “B” (Howitzer) Battery joined from CLXIII and became this brigade’s “D” (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 8-9 September 1916 “C” Battery was broken up, with two-gun sections going to make “C” Battery of CLVII and “B” Battery of CLIX up to six guns each.
    • On the same date, “B” Battery joined from CLVIII was was broken up, with two gun sections going to “A” and “B” Batteries to six guns each.
    • On the same date the brigade was joined by “D” Battery from CLXIII (Howitzer) Brigade and became this brigade’s “C” (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 8 January 1917 “A” Battery left to join XLVIII as its “C” Battery; a section of “D” (Howitzer) Battery also left to join “D” (Howitzer) Battery of LII Brigade.
    • Next day, a section of “C” (Howitzer) Battery also left to join “D” (Howitzer) Battery of CLVII Brigade.
    • On 10 January 1917 the last section of “C” (Howitzer) Battery also left to join “D” (Howitzer) Battery of CLIX Brigade. A section of “D” (Howitzer) Battery left to join “D” (Howitzer) Battery of LXIV Brigade. And finally “B” battery left to become “C” Battery of LXIV Brigade, thus completing the break up of this brigade.

CLIX (Glasgow)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA (each of four 18-pounder field guns) and the Brigade Ammunition Column and was raised in Glasgow. It was placed under command of the 35th Division and went to France with it on 2 February 1916.
    • On 25 May 1916 the Brigade Ammunition Column left and was merged into the 35th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 28 May 1916 “D” Battery left to go to CLXIII, where it became “C” Battery. In exchange, “C” (Howitzer) Battery joined from CLXIII and became this brigade’s “D” (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 7 September 1916 the brigade was joined by “C” Battery from CLXIII Brigade, which was split up to bring  “A” and “C” Batteries up to six guns each. A section of two also joined from “C” Battery of CLVIII and was added to “B” Battery.
    • On 10 January 1917 a section joined from “C” Battery of CLVIII and was added to “D” (Howitzer) Battery.

CLXIII (Howitzer) (West Ham)

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA (each of four 4.5-inch howitzers) and the Brigade Ammunition Column and was raised in West Ham. It was placed under command of the 35th Division and went to France with it on 31 January 1916.
    • On 25 May 1916 the Brigade Ammunition Column left and was merged into the 35th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 28 May 1916 the brigade was considerably reorganised: its “A”, “B” and “C” “(Howitzer) batteries left to join CLVII, CLVIII and CLIX as their “D” (Howitzer) Batteries; and the “D” Batteries of each of those brigades arrived and became this brigade’s new “A”, “B” and “C” Batteries. At this point the brigade ceased to be a howitzer brigade.
    • The brigade was broken up on 7-9 September 1916: “A” Battery went to CLVII; “B” Battery went to CLVIII; “C” Battery went to CLIX; and finally “D” (Howitzer) Battery went to CLVIII.

35th Divisional Ammunition Column (British Empire League)

  • This unit was raised by the British Empire League. It was placed under command of the 35th Division and went to France with it on 1 February 1916. The DAC was expanded by incorporating the four Brigade Ammunition Columns on 25 May 1916.

Links

The Batteries and Brigades of the Royal Field Artillery

The Order of Battle of Divisions

35th Division

Books